Central Java Traditional Houses and Explanations

Several villages in Central Java still use the Joglo House as a place to live.

 



In some places, the house is vacated and only used for ruwatan ceremonies. People now prefer to build houses with a more modern concept. Treating the curiosity of all readers, let's explore the history, philosophy, and meaning contained in this traditional house of Central Java. The following online libraries will share for you.


The Joglo house used to be a symbol of social status and only owned by people who could afford it. The ingredients for making Joglo are indeed more expensive and in greater quantity. 


Finally, the notion developed that the Joglo house should only be used by nobles, kings and princes. So that low-income people do not dare to make it. Low-income people will usually build Panggangpe, Limasan, or Kampung houses which are more cost and time efficient.


Now, the Joglo house can be owned by various groups. More varied materials at affordable prices have been widely marketed. This makes it cheaper to manufacture than in the past.


Initially, the Joglo house was in the form of a square with four pillars in the middle. The pole is called saka guru. Then to support the poles, stacked bladars are used, called intercropping. Along with the times, there are additional spaces in the Joglo house. However, the base of the house remains square.


Basic Materials for Joglo House.


The main material for making a joglo house is wood. Various types of wood can be used to make this traditional Joglo house in Central Java. Plants commonly used in ancient times were teak, sengon, and coconut tree trunks.


Teak wood has always been excellent to be used as the main material in its manufacture. Durability, durability, and strength made teak the choice at that time. The joglo house made of teak can even survive today. Currently, the manufacture of joglo houses is done by mixing certain types of wood.


The roof of the Joglo house is made of clay tiles. In addition, indigenous peoples also use fibers, straw, or reeds to make roofs. The use of natural materials with a high roof makes the residents feel cool and comfortable to live in.


Air circulation in the joglo house is also very good. The terraced roof also has its own meaning. The gradual height of the Joglo roof has a relationship with the movement of people with the air they feel themselves.


In addition to the terraced roof, one of the things that characterizes the Joglo house is the shape of the roof. The roof of the Joglo house is a combination of two triangular roofs with two trapezoidal roofs. Roofs have different angles of inclination. The Joglo roof is always in the middle and is flanked by the pavilion roof.


The combination of the Joglo roof and the porch is of two kinds. The Joglo Lambang Sari roof is a Joglo roof connected to the porch roof. The second combination is a combination by leaving air holes in the roof. This combination is called the Hanging Coat Roof.


Joglo house design itself should not be arbitrary. This design has been reduced to several Joglos. The names of the Joglo houses are Pangrawit, Jompongan, Limasan Lawakan, Tinandhu, Mangkurat, Sinom, and Hageng.


The Philosophy of the Joglo House.


The meaning of the word is the union of two tajug. The roof of the Joglo house is in the form of a tajug that resembles a mountain.


The Javanese strongly believe that the mountain is a sacred symbol. According to them, the mountain is the abode of the gods. Therefore, two tajug were chosen as the roofs of traditional houses in Central Java. The roof of the Joglo house is supported by four main pillars called Saka Guru. The poles are a representation of the cardinal directions, namely east, south, north, and west.

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