Central Java Traditional House and Philosophy

The traditional house of Central Java is not only the Joglo House. Quoting from the National Library, there are 4 forms of traditional houses in Central Java, namely Panggangpe, Kampung, Limasan, and Joglo. But the four, the Joglo form is indeed more popular than other forms.




The shape is a square with four pillars in the middle. The pillar is saka guru. The ingredients for making Joglo are indeed more expensive and in greater quantity.


Besides being expensive, it also takes a long time. So that the notion developed that the Joglo house should only be used by nobles, kings, and princes. Meanwhile, low-income people will usually build Panggangpe, Limasan, or Kampung houses that are more cost and time efficient.


Now, the Joglo house can be owned by various groups. More varied materials at affordable prices have been widely marketed. This makes it cheaper to produce in the first place. But for the design of the joglo house itself, you can't.


1. Philosophy of Central Java Traditional House


One of the historical relics that you can still find are residential buildings scattered in Yogyakarta and Central Java. Two words to describe it simple and unpretentious.


According to the website of the Ministry of Education and Culture, the traditional house of Central Java does not have a room for the tradition of holding traditional ceremonies that involve many people.


The absence of space also shapes the character of Javanese society who is social in spirit. This also makes this house have an open space called a pavilion. Not only can it accommodate many people, the open space also contributes to the comfort aspect, namely in overcoming the hot temperatures typical of tropical countries.


The shape of the roof of the pavilion is wide and supported by the transitional space (terrace) and the courtyard overgrown with trees makes the air temperature very cool.


Meanwhile, according to the National Library, the Javanese also strongly believe that the mountain is a sacred symbol. According to them, the mountain is the abode of the gods. Therefore, two tajug were chosen as the roofs of traditional houses in Central Java. The roof of the Joglo house is supported by four main pillars called Saka Guru. The poles are a representation of the cardinal directions, namely east, south, north, and west.


2. Central Java Traditional Houses and Explanations


Two words that describe the characteristics of traditional houses in Central Java are simple and unpretentious. 


Two words that describe the characteristics of traditional houses in Central Java are simple and unpretentious. 


Indonesia as a country with cultural diversity from each region has its own characteristics. In addition to the arts and different regional languages, every region in Indonesia also has traditional traditional houses. This article from Rumah.com specifically discusses the traditional houses of Central Java. Find out, come on!


Limasan Traditional House


Limasan itself has several types of designs that are quite different from one type of house to another.


Limasan itself has several types of designs that are quite different from one type of house to another.


The Limasan traditional house has a rectangular shape or more precisely the shape of a pyramid. The Limasan building has four roofs, two kejen roofs, and one gabion roof. The shape of the kejen roof is an isosceles triangle. After some development, there is an overhang on the side.


While the roof of the gabion is in the form of an isosceles parallelogram. Limasan itself has several types of designs that are quite different from one type of house to another. This type of traditional house has many variations and advantages. One of the advantages is that the roof of the house is considered earthquake resistant.


Joglo Traditional House


In addition to the terraced roof, one of the things that characterizes the Joglo house is the shape of the roof.

Giving the name Joglo to this Central Javanese traditional house is indeed full of meaning. The word Joglo is taken from the words tajug and loro. The meaning of the word is the union of two tajug.

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